CLAIMING AND DENYING HISTORY
November 5, 2018
October 22 at a rally in Houston, the person elected President of the USA said, “You know, they have a word, it sort of became old-fashioned, it’s called a nationalist, and I say, really, we’re not supposed to use that word. You know what I am? I’m a nationalist.”
Words carry with them their history, a history that, unfortunately, cannot be erased. Here is a chronology of some racist, anti-immigrant, ultra-right political parties and groups with “National” or “Nationalist” in their official name.
The National or Nationalist Party of South Africa—1914-1997, the dominate Afrikaner political party, which promoted apartheid in every way for decades.
National Socialist German Workers’ Party—begun in 1920, the Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei, commonly known as the Nazi Party.
National Fascist Party of Italy—Partito Nazionale Fascista, Mussolini’s party, founded in 1922 when the Italian Fascists took power.
Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists—established in 1929, fascist, in 1943 established the Ukrainian Insurgent Army that conducted ethnic cleansing against Polish people living in the Ukraine.
Greek National Socialist Party—founded in 1932, supported Hitler, a copy of the National Socialist German Workers Party (the Nazi Party).
Syrian Social Nationalist Party—formed in 1932, advocates the creation of a Syrian nation including Syria, Lebanon, Iraq, Israel, Palestine; some 12,000 members have fought with the Syrian Armed Forces against the rebels.
National Socialist Movement of Chile—Movimiento Nacional Socialista de Chile, or the Nacistas, formed in 1932 in support of Hitler, fascist, anti-semitic.
National Radical Camp—Neo-Nazi, far-right movement in Poland, formed in 1934, self-termed descendent of the antisemitic movement that existed in Poland before WWII; allied to the National Movement Party and the All-Polish Youth.
National Union—Nasjonal Samling, the Norse far-right party, 1933-1945, associated with the Nazis, declared the only legal party of Norway during the German occupation in WWII.
National Democratic Party of Germany— Nationaldemokratische Partei Deutschlands, formed in 1964 to succeed the German Reich Party, continuing much of the Nazs ideology.
National Front of Britain—British neo-fascist political party, founded in 1967, espousing racial separatism, white suprematism, anti-semitic conspiracy theories, Holocaust denial.
National Front of France—Front national, founded in 1972, far-right party lead by Jean-Marie Le Pen, promoting law and order, return of the death penalty, opposition to non-European immigration.
National Socialist Movement of the USA—founded in 1974 by former members of the American Nazi Party, organizer of white-supremacy events, named as one of the organizations charged with instigating violence at the Unite the Right rally in Charlottesville, August, 2017.
British National Party—founded in 1982, far-right, fascist, anti-immigration.
National Action of Australia—white supremacist group founded in 1982 by neo-Nazi Jim Saleam.
Autonomous Nationalist—Autonome Nationalisten, network of local cells in Germany, Britain, Holland, Poland, and other European countries in the 1980s, extreme far-right, militant, neo-Nazi.
The National Socialist Front—the Nationalsocialistisk front, founded in 1994, Sweden’s largest neo-Nazi political party, supports the abolition of democracy and the establishment of work camps for communists.
National Democracy—the Democracia Nacional party of Spain, founded in 1995, far right, a copy of the Front National of France.
Nationalist Front of Mexico—Frente Nacionalista de México, formed in 2006, conducted protests in support of expulsion of immigrants to Mexico from Haiti and Africa and in opposition to gays.
National-Socialist Society of Russia—illegal Russian neo-Nazi movement, in 2007 attacked a gay pride march in Moscow.
National Party of Ireland—founded in 2016, promotes an anti-Europe, anti-immigration, anti-Muslim program, including racial profiling.