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THE NEW NORMAL: PACIFISM OR PASSIVISM?

Language enthusiasts debate when the phrase “the new normal” first started circulating. It has been found as early as 1918, when “the new normal” referred to the probability that the US would recover from WWI but that the recovery would not look like pre-War times. What is not debatable is that today the phrase is enjoying exceptionally good times.

“The … Read more

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“The Enemy of the People”: The Traveling Meme

Part III: “The Enemy of the People”: From Rhetoric to Criminal Act

Today in the US the meme “fake news is the enemy of the people” carries with it an evolving history of import that includes not only a lying press but as well counter-establishment rumor, planted hoax, secret plot, coterie of assassins, purging of subgroups, international conspiracy, divided nation, … Read more

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“The Enemy of the People”: The Traveling Meme

Part II. “Fake News is the Enemy of the People” as International Conspiracy

As I argue, historically the meme “Fake News is the Enemy of the People” expresses fear of more than just the press. A little study of Robespierre and the second phase of the French Revolution shows how fake news (fausses nouvelles) included rumor and hoaxes … Read more

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“The Enemy of the People”: The Traveling Meme

Part I. Fake Rumor As the Enemy of the People

Robespierre, Lenin, Hitler, and Stalin used the phrase “enemy of the people” to jail and execute individuals and groups they saw as opponents. In spring 2017, when the elected President of the United States began repeatedly declaring that “fake news is the enemy of the people,” several commentators noted the … Read more

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Words Divide and Conquer: Political-legislative Language in International Arms-Dealing

In 2015, the US State Department signed a deal to sell Saudi Arabia 532 Evolved Sea Sparrow Missiles, 48 Harpoon Block II Missiles, and 188 Block II Rolling Airframe Missiles. By law the agreement had to be approved by Congress. Facilitating such approval is the function of the Defense Security Cooperation Agency, an arm of the Department of Defense. So … Read more